sockets for the insertion of the bolts of a door. Fig. 9, which is from the ditch of the early fort, consists of two pieces of iron moving on a short pin which holds them together; its purpose is unknown. Figs. 10 and 11, both from Pit XVI, have served as part of the frame of a military saddle; such saddles had a projecting peak behind and before. The ends are splayed out and perforated with double eye holes, which show signs of considerable wear.

Some of the larger objects from Pit XVI are brought together on Plate LXV. Fig. 1 is doubtless the hoop of a barrel for lowering into a well. It has a loop to hold the suspending chain or rope. Figs. 2, 3 and 4 may be mountings for waggons. Fig. 5 is the tyre of a wheel in process of being welded into something fresh. In Fig. 6 we have an iron peg with the lining of a hub adhering to it. Fig. 7 is another object of uncertain use, perforated at both ends. Fig. 8, from the ditch of the later fort, is perhaps the lining for the pivot-hole of a heavy door, while Fig. 9 is simply an ingot of iron. It came, with four similar ingots, from Pit LVIII, and a sixth was taken out of Pit XVI.

Some miscellaneous iron objects are illustrated in Plate LXVI. Fig. 1 is from Pit XLV, Figs. 2 and 4 from the Barracks (Block No. II). Fig. 1 has its surface hammered into a herring-bone pattern, of which examples occur elsewhere, as on an iron shovel recently found at Zugmantel.[1] Its use is doubtful. Fig. 3 is a door handle, or possibly a knocker. Fig. 5, a square mounting 1 inch high, might possibly have been used as the socket for a pilum. Fig. 6, an iron rim with loops for a cross handle, may have belonged to a small bronze vessel. Fig. 7 resembles an armlet. It is from Pit XXII. Fig. 8, which bears a striking resemblance to a boat hook, is from the ditch of the later fort. It was probably employed to pull up buckets from the bottom of a well; a similar specimen has recently been found at the Saalburg. Fig. 10, a small socketed hook from the ditch of the early fort, was perhaps a meat hook, serving the purpose of the modern fork. Fig. 13 possibly belonged to a steelyard. Fig. 14, which is much corroded, recalls a manacle. Figs. 16 and 17, from Pits LV and XXII, are the spindles of querns. Four of these were found in their original settings. In Fig. 19 we have what is probably a mounting for insertion in the shaft of a waggon. It bears evident marks of wear. Fig. 20 is probably a punch. Fig. 21 is a lunette of iron, finished behind with a projecting tang, by which it was probably inserted into

1 Der 0bergermanisch-Raetische Limes, Lief. 32, 'Kastell Zugmantel,' Taf. xv. Fig. 21.