impressed lines, is probably part of the lid of a flat tazza-like dish of the Antonine period. It came from Pit XXIII. The ware, which in its consistency resembles Castor ware, occurs at Chesters. Fig. 16 is possibly earlier; it is somewhat thicker.[1]

Early Jugs. Type 33

These did not occur in large numbers, and few examples could be reconstructed. Plate XLVI., Type 33, represents the form of jug which occurred in the ditch of the early fort. The jug stands ten inches high, and the material is a fine, soft, buff ware with a smooth surface. In the only example which could be put together the handle was awanting (Plate XLIX. (A), Fig. 2). The sides bulge out in a graceful form. At the mouth the lip is thickened by the formation of a slightly projecting moulding. Three parallel lines of moulding run below it. The foot shows a projecting ring, a feature borrowed from metal work. The missing handle was no doubt ribbed. Necks of jugs of the same type in whitish-buff colour, and also in black and in reddish-brown were found in the ditch of the early fort. The shape occurs at Hofheim,[2] where it is spoken of as resembling a screw; and it may be put down as belonging to the Flavian period. Examples of the necks of different types of these jugs are given in Fig. 33. Nos. 1, 2 and 3, which all come from the ditch of the early fort, are of the same type as the more complete specimen just described. No. 4 is from Pit LXV. No. 5 is also an early type. It is of fine smooth buff ware. It came from Pit LIV, which from its posit;on and contents marks it as belonging to the first occupation. This type has also been recognised in Germany as characteristic of the Flavian period. It occurs at Okarben.[3] No. 6 is the neck of a jug from Pit LXXVIII. Several of these jugs were found in this pit, and two of them are illustrated in Plate XLIX. (B), Figs. 2 and 4. They are of fine soft ware of a pale buff colour with neatly-formed ringed footstand. The pottery found in association with them was all early. This fine pale buff pottery, almost white, is very similar to the material employed to make the jugs of the same period found on the Rhine.

1 See Walters, Catalogue of Roman Pottery, M. 2732, and references to other specimens of this ware given there.

2 Ritterling, Das frührömische Lager bei Hofheim, p. 87, fig. 40, 7.

3 Der obergermanische-Raetische Limes, Lief. 16, 'Kastell Okarben,' Taf v Figs. 62, 63 and 68.