present at Hofheim, and has been got at Heddernheim, in a grave, in association with the carinated form of decorated bowl characteristic of the first century. Small cups or shallow bowls with overhanging rims, decorated with ivy leaves or lotus buds in barbotine, as illustrated in Plate XXXIX., Fig. 4, were common at Newstead in the early period (Dragendorff, Type 35). Two of these were taken undamaged from Pit LXXVIII, while a fine example of the somewhat larger variety (Dragendorff, Type 36) was found in Pit LXXVI (Plate XXXIX., Fig. 5). As on many of the fragments of these taken from early pits the glaze is very bright. Such vessels had hardly appeared at Hofheim before its abandonment, but they are said to be common on the Rhine on sites datable to about the year A.D. 70. In the finds from the Antonine and later periods the glaze is less bright.[1] Vessels such as that shown in Plate XXXIX., Fig. 11, must have been common in the first occupation, as numerous fragments came from the early ditch, though these were so miscellaneous that it was impossible to reconstruct a complete specimen.

Figure 21
FIG. 21.
The characteristic feature of this dish is its flat rim, about 1¼ inches wide, decorated in barbotine. The example in Plate XXXIX. is drawn from fragments, with the help of a specimen found at Rottweil. A similar bowl from London is now in the British Museum. At one point on the rim a lip is formed by the application of two slightly raised bands which converge as they approach the edge. Such flat-rimmed bowls occur at Hofheim, but without barbotine decoration. There are also some among the first-century pottery from Vindonissa preserved at Königsfelden, near Brugg. By the Antonine period the type must have disappeared.[2] Another variety of bowl from the early ditch is represented only by a fragment of a lip, of type resembling that of the mortaria. The glaze is dark and very bright (Fig. 21). A second fragment found near the surface in Block XIII probably belongs to another dish of much the same type and period.

II. Undecorated Ware of the Later Period

We turn now to types which belonged to the later period, extending approximately from the year 140 AD. to about A.D. 180. By this time several of the earlier forms had disappeared, or had become modified. Thus Figs. 2, 3, and 10 must have fallen out of use, while Fig. 1 had developed into the later form shown in Plate XL., Fig. 22. The vessel is altogether a coarser, thicker dish, with a heavier moulding round

1 Koenen, Gefässkunde der vorrömischen, römischen und fränkischen Zeit in den Rheinlanden, p. 93.

2 Hölder, Die römischen Thongegefässe der Alterthumssammlung in Rottweil, plate x. fig. 2.