round the line where the bottom unites with the rim, there is a rounded hand of moulding. A complete specimen also came from Pit LXXVI, with the stamp of the Rutenian potter SABINVS. These dishes were not so common as the type just described. They were noted only about eight times. That the two types were contemporary is shown by the fact that both occurred with the stamp (OF·VITA) of the Rutenian potter VITALIS. The peculiar interest of the latter lies in the fact that, while the other shape gradually developed into coarser later forms, this one was probably not in use for any very long period, and soon disappeared entirely. It is found in the early fort at Hofheim, near Wiesbaden; and is therefore of the period between A.D. 40 and A.D. 60.[1] It occurs also at Wiesbaden, but seems to have fallen completely out of fashion before the second century, for it is entirely absent at the Saalburg. In Scotland its presence at Inchtuthil is evidenced by a small fragment, a circumstance in itself sufficient to prove the early occupation of that fort. A fragment of a plate approaching the form Dragendorff, Type 18, but of larger size (Plate XXXIX., Fig. 6) calls for mention. When complete it has had a diameter of 9¾ inches. The bottom shows little or no rise in the centre.

The common cup of the first period (Plate XXXIX., Fig. 10) was the shape Dragendorff, Type 27. It is characterised by the double curve which is exhibited in the outline of the sides. Specimens of this vessel in different sizes came from the early ditch and from most of the early pits. It is found at Hofheim, and also at Pompeii, where it occurs in glass. Three specimens, quite undamaged, were found in Pit LXXVIII. All were stamped, but as in the case of other vessels of this type the stamps were poorly impressed and almost illegible. The cup appears in some of the Limes forts, such as Pfünz, and it must therefore have continued to be used in the second century, although in the later occupations at Newstead its place seems for the most part to have been taken by a cup with approximately straight sides (Plate XL., Nos. 16 and 18), which was probably just coming into use during the first occupation at Newstead.

The small dish with vertical sides, Dragendorff, Type 22, shown in Plate XXXIX., Fig. 12, was not found in the ditch of the early fort; it came from Pit VII. Its bright glaze and hard thin fabric are evidence of its early date. The type does not appear to have been a common one at Newstead. It is found in Germany, usually, if not always, without potters' stamps. It is

1 Ritterling, Das frührömische Lager bei Hofheim, Taf. vi. 2.