From this little bath-house in the South we may turn to the most northerly example that has yet been found-that which stood outside the great camp at Inchtuthil. This is of particular interest, inasmuch as it is not improbable that it belongs to the earliest period of the Roman advance into Scotland. The association of a stone bath-house with an earthen fort that contained no traces of substantial buildings is not strange. The danger of fire from the heating arrangements was probably too great to permit of the erection of such structures in wood. It can be paralleled by

Figure 6

more than one instance from Germany, where the same conditions are to be noted at Marienfels,[1] Seckmauern,[2] Würzberg,[3] and Schlossau.[4] The Inchtuthil bath-house[5] is smaller than the bath in Lipari, but it is somewhat more complex in its arrangements. The large entrance hall (A), part of which was heated, was no doubt the apodyterium. From this the bathers passed into the frigidarium (B), with its cold bath at one end. The next room (C) is the

1 Der Obergermanisch-Raetische Limes, Lief. 5 a, Kastell Marienfels.

2 Ibid. Lief. 46 b, Kastel1 Seckmauern.

3 Ibid. Lief. 49, Kastell Würzberg.

4 Ibid. Lief. 51, Kastell Schlossau.

5 Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, vol. xxxvi. p. 215, fig. 11.