type may well be one which we should be justified in describing as British.[1]

Fig. 7 is inlaid with enamel. An illustration in colour is given in Plate LXXXIX., Fig. 8. The centre is occupied by a transverse band of lozenge decoration in blue and red, on either side of which are double semi-circular panels of pale yellow. The remainder of the body is divided into four panels, alternately blue and brown, the latter having probably been at one time red. In the eye of each of the animal-like heads there is a setting of yellow, with blue on the curved snouts. The pin is awanting. Brooches like this are a true product of Late Celtic art. All the elements of the design can be traced in the winding honeysuckle pattern which decorates the bronze mask from High Torrs, while an example from Lakenheath, in Suffolk,[2] shows a stage in the evolution of the type intermediate between the simple wire fibula and the solid enamelled brooch. In the Lakenheath specimen there is no suggestion of animal form, the terminals and the central ornament being derived from foliage. Figure 46
In our brooch the head is beginning to assume animal characteristics, and this feature is more marked in some presumably later examples.

Fig. 7 probably represents the point of development which the S-shaped brooch had reached by the end of the first, or at least not later than the first half of the second, century. It lay beneath the cobbles of the clay rampart surrounding the Baths, and must therefore have been placed there before the reduction in the size of the fort. A similar brooch was discovered sixty or seventy years ago on Lamberton Moor, Berwickshire,[3] in association with a pair of enamelled fibulae which might be earlier than A.D. 100. When found, these Lamberton Moor brooches were all adhering together. They must, therefore, be approximately contemporary. Since their acquisition for the National Museum of Antiquities they have been separated so that we are able to illustrate two of them here (Fig. 46 a and 6). The simplicity of the

1 See list of the known specimens of these brooches by Professor Haverfield (Archaeologia Aeliana, 3rd ser. vol. v. Appendix I.). To this may be added an example in the Kam Collection, Nymwegen.

2 The Reliquary, vol. xiii. p. 62.

3 Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, vol. xxx ix. p. 367.