looked as if it had been rudely hollowed out of a section of a branch. A very neatly made box, circular in shape and slightly tapering, was found in Pit XL (Plate LXIX., Fig. 3). It stood 2¼ inches in height, and had an inside depth of 158 inches. Along the upper edge was a carefully formed flange for a lid. The box, which measured 5 inches round the middle, had all the appearance of having been turned on a lathe. One of these little boxes was discovered at Bar Hill, and others have been found at Novaesium and at Vindonissa.

Two large wooden bobbins must also be noticed. One came from the ditch of the early fort, the other from Pit LIV Each is 2½ inches in height. Between the two expanded ends they measured ½ inch and ¾ inch respectively. Both were of soft wood and have shrunk very considerably in drying. The bobbin from Pit LIV is illustrated in Fig. 45, No. 1. A bobbin

Figure 45

with thread adhering to it was found at Bar Hill. But, to judge from the illustration given, it had a closer resemblance to the modern type than have the Newstead finds. Similar objects have been found at the Saalburg, where it has been suggested that they were used as fastenings for tent doors. In addition to the bobbin, Pit LIV contained the head of a wooden mallet (Plate LXXXIII., Fig. 3) with the remains of the shaft still visible, and also an object resembling the end of a pipe with a stopper, 3½ inches long, termin­ating in a circular knob (Fig. 45, No.2) as well as several pieces of wood which seemed to have formed part of a chair. In digging out the large inner ditch of the later occupations, a toilet-comb made of some fine close-grained wood, probably box, was recovered. The comb is imperfect, one end having disappeared. What remains is 2 inches in length (Plate XCIII., Fig. 33) and shows a double row of teeth, one finer than the other. It varies little, if at all, from the modern small tooth comb. A second example was subsequently