bore a maker's stamp. Plate LXXIX., Figs. 3, 4 and 9, which are of lead, were no doubt used as lamp holders. A somewhat similar specimen, with the lamp in it, is on exhibition in the Guildhall Museum, London.[1] A rudely shaped lamp cut from a block of stone is shown in Fig. 1 of the same plate, and there were several others. There were also three lamps of iron. Two of these came from pits and were in remarkable preservation. The finest (Plate LXXIX., Fig. 7) was taken out of Pit LXV, which probably belonged to the first century, to judge from the coins and the pottery which it contained. The form resembles that of a Scottish 'crusie.' The oil vessel is about 4 inches in length, and has its sides pinched in the middle. At the end opposite to the wick a stem rises about 5 inches, and then, flattened somewhat, curves over the vessel. A swivel, 3 inches in length, is inserted through a hole in the flattened portion, and this in its turn is looped into a rod 10½ inches long, furnished with a hook which projects one inch from the upper end. By the aid of the hook the lamp could be fastened to a beam, or could be carried in the hand. A second lamp of the same sort was found in Pit LVII, at the Baths, but there the long rod with its hook has been almost entirely lost (Plate LXXIX., Fig. 6). On the German Limes a good specimen of a hanging lamp of the kind was discovered at Heftrich.[2] A rod of twisted iron from the ditch of the early fort (Plate LXXIX., Fig. 5) appears to have been a portion of one of these hanging lamps. We are probably justified in classing with the lamps the small tweezers of bronze, two pairs of which were found. They would be useful for adjusting the wicks. One pair (Plate XCII., Fig. 8) came from the Baths. The other (Plate XCII., Fig. 6) from Block XIII, where it had been attached to a ring along with another small object, only a portion of which remains, but which had probably been a pin for teasing out the wick, such as that illustrated in Plate XCII., Fig. 16. Fig. 6 has a loose ring on the stem, by which the open ends can be brought together.

Styli and Tablets

Styli were of somewhat common occurrence. One which came from the ditch of the early fort was of bronze (Plate LXXX., Fig. 2). The rest were of iron. They were entirely without ornament, although they varied somewhat in the shape of the eraser and in the point (see Plate LXXX., Figs. 1–5 and 7–11). Some had points of solid metal. Others appeared to have been fitted with points which had perhaps been of agate. The ordinary pen, such as has been occasionally found in Germany,

1 Catalogue of the Collection of London Antiquities, pl. x. fig. 4.

2 Der Obergermanisch-Raetische Limes, Lief. 23, 'Kastell Heftrich,' Taf. ii. 13.