smaller perforations. This last feature can be paralleled from an object found at Hofheim.[1] Examples of the rings known as terrets were also met with. They were fastened on a pad, and the reins were passed through them. Plate LXXV., Fig. 12, from Pit LVIII, is of iron with some traces of bronze or brass plating. It is a Roman type, similar to specimens from Novaesium and the Saalburg. It is interesting to compare it with Fig. 2 of the same plate, a bronze terret with projecting flanges on the ring, which is a characteristic British variety. Fig. 4 is an object of bronze which was taken from Pit LVIII. It also seems to belong to harness. It is 4 inches long, and curved with a loop at one end, while at the other end is a tang for fastening it into a socket. When the whole was complete, the bronze portion must have projected to the side like an animal's horn. Possibly it was one of a pair fixed on the top of a pad and intended for the suspension of hanging discs of metal. One such disc, leaf-shaped and of bright brass, (Plate LXXV., Fig.10) was found in the pit along with it. It is 4½ inches long, and has a button-like termination of solid metal. The metal in the body of the disc is quite thin, and the stud upon the back shows that it was probably backed with leather.

The smaller metal objects employed in the decoration of harness can be divided into three classes—the circular phalerae, the lighter pendants hanging from these, and the loops by which the straps for attachment were fastened. The most remarkable set of such harness-mountings was found in washing out the silt at the bottom of Pit LV. These are grouped together in Plate LXXII. In the centre is a phalera, and on either side of it are two hanging ornaments and other mountings for strap ends. Then there are two decorated plates which, from their association, probably belong to harness. All of these are of brass. Here and there, however, silver-plating and copper have been employed to heighten the decorative effect.


The phalera measures 358 inches in diameter. Unlike the light discs which bear the name of Domitius Atticus, it is strongly put together. The central boss is of silver, bordered by a rope-moulding of bright brass, which in its turn is surrounded by a moulding plated with silver, while the other band and the small circular projections on the rim have been overlaid with copper, bearing an embossed pattern. A flat circular ring is attached to the back of the phalera shown in Fig. 43. From this project

1 Ritterling, Das frührömische Lager bei Hofheim (Nachtrag), Abb. 13, 17666.