early, and also in the Schutthügel at Vindonissa, which belongs to the end of the first and beginning of the second century. In view of the undoubted use of the wheel at the time of the first Newstead occupation, a use of which we have evidence in the cup from the ditch of the early fort, it seems probable that such glass was employed as early as the Agricolan period. The second fragment of glass with facets is coarser, and gives no clue to the original shape of the vessel. A small piece of the lip of a vessel of fine white glass showed a delicate moulding in relief. Two necks—one of blue, another of olive—green, glass-evidently belonged to jugs of the tall elegant form with a single handle, which on the Rhine date from as early a period as the end of the first century. The glass as a whole showed little or no sign of decay, only one piece—the bottom of a small perfume bottle from Pit VI—displaying iridescence. The window glass which was found throughout the fort, and in the Baths, varied in colour from green to a pale blue. As usual, one side was invariably dulled. Fragments of what appeared to be a sheet of some size came from near the surface in the South Annexe. The sheet must have been about 18 of an inch in thickness, and the rounded mark of the mould was visible at the outer edges. On the whole, it may be said that glass vessels were scarce. They were probably too fragile and costly to be brought in any large numbers over the long roads that linked the garrison to the south, and were therefore regarded solely as luxuries.


In the Musée Calvet at Avignon there is preserved a series of thirty-one bronze vessels—the vessels of a Roman house. They were taken from the bottom of a well at Apt in Vaucluse, where they lay grouped round a small white marble altar, sculptured with the head of a faun in high relief, and the great triple-wicked lamp of bronze which must have hung above it, an ex-voto bearing a dedication to the Genius of the Colonia. The great majority of the dishes are either cooking-pots or squat flagons with somewhat narrow necks. These are of thin metal and simple undecorated form. More than one of them shows signs of wear, and has been mended by patches which are held in position by small rivets. Along with the kitchen dishes are a few vessels more elegant in shape, showing some decoration, particularly a ewer or jug of thicker metal with a decorated handle, and one or two situlae or pails.

Though the vessels from Newstead form a smaller group, they exhibit the same types as those at Avignon. The cooking-pot was of most common