series,[1] are indications of the later occupation, while more than one of the decorated pieces suggest a German origin. At Camelon we find the early Newstead types reappearing along with such early stamps as OF·CALVI, OF FRONTINI, and OF·RUFINI; but the Antonine pottery is also common there, the potters' names including those of CINNAMUS and DIVIXTUS. This points, as was to he expected, to an occupation by Agricola as well as by Lollius Urbicus. The pottery of both Rough Castle aud Castlecary appears on the whole to be late. At Ardoch, north of the Vallum, the presence of pottery of both periods is again to be noted, while at Inchtuthil, the most northerly site as yet excavated in Scotland, the small collection appears to belong without exception to the early period. Here we find decorated bowls of Type Dragendorff 29, scrolls of early type, and arrow-point decoration. The cup is of Type Dragendorff 27. The platter with its moulding at the point of junction of side and bottom (Plate XXXIX., Type 2) is duly represented, as is also the shallow bowl (Type 11) with its wide flat rim decorated with lotus. These all correspond to the finds from the early fort at Newstead. Of the coarser pottery, the jug with 'screw' outline (Type 33) and the flat-rimmed cooking bowls (Type 37), as well as the broad-rimmed mortaria (Type 24), reappear, pointing clearly to the conclusion that the encampment on the Tay dates from the campaigns of Agricola, and that there was no subsequent occupation.


Glass vessels and also window glass were in common use at Newstead throughout the whole period of its occupation by the Romans. Unfortunately there was only a single glass vessel which could be reconstructed, but in several other cases enough remained to enable the original shape to be identified with some certainty. A few of the fragments can be definitely assigned to the earliest period. The most common variety was represented by pieces of large bottles of pale green or blue colour. These bottles, which are sometimes square, sometimes rounded at the sides, were frequently employed as cinerary urns in Roman graves. They have a short neck with a moulded rim and a single reeded handle. At least three of the necks of such vessels and two of the handles came from the ditch of the early fort. The best specimen (Fig. 36) was taken from Pit XV, where it was associated with a bowl, showing metope decoration, from La Graufesenque or

1 Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries, second series, vol. xxi. p. 283.