monuments from Neumagen, a Roman town on the Moselle, now preserved at Trier, we see the long river boats heavily laden with casks and manned by many rowers. In one, the shipmen are represented packing amphorae by coiling them round with ropes of straw.

At least two well-marked types of amphorae are distinguishable. The first has a slightly elongated neck, and consequently longer handles, and is provided on the bottom with a rudimentary foot—a common feature in earlier types. The material of which it is composed appears to be closer and harder than is the case with the other variety, which is somewhat shorter at the neck and has a rounded bottom. Plate LII., Fig. 1, represents an amphora of the first type, which came with remains of two others from Pit No. X. Fig. 2 represents a specimen of the second type from the Praetorium Pit (No. I). Both vessels have been to some extent restored. In putting them together, it was interesting to note how they had all been originally made in two pieces, the neck and shoulder in one, the bottom in the other. In the interior, at the point of junction, the marks of the potter's fingers kneading together the soft edges were very evident. The fragments taken from the ditch of the early fort suggest that the longer-necked variety may be characteristic of the early period. A third variety of amphora was tall and narrow, with a long, pointed foot and upright handles. Of this there was not much trace at Newstead. But a foot was recovered from the early ditch, while Pit LX yielded a handle and part of a neck. The vessels to which these belonged must have resembled one found at Haltern,[1] and they therefore represent an early, indeed the earliest, type of amphora encountered.

Several of the stamps deciphered at Newstead have been met with in England and on the Continent. Thus C·MARI·SILVANI (Plate LII., Fig. 5) has been found in Southern Gaul, at Vienne and St. Colombe,[2] as well as in London and Rome;[3] C·ANTON·Q (Fig. 6)—the cognomen is probably QUIETI—occurs at Trion,[4] Nîmes and St. Colombe, as also in London L·Q·S (Fig. 7) has been noted on many sites in Germany, Holland and France,[5] and also on Monte Testaccio;[6] L·VALERER (Fig. 8) is probably the same as L·VALERTER, which is recorded at Monte Testaccio, and at Nîmes[7] and elsewhere in Southern Gaul; and SER, found at St. Colombe and Monte Testaccio,[8] is perhaps the same as the Newstead SER·B. (Fig. 9).

1 Mitteilungen aus Westfalen, Band ii. Fig. 26.

2 C.I.L. xii. 5683, 185–186.

3 C.I.L. xv. 3024.

4 C.I.L. xiii. 10,002, 104.

5 C.I.L. xiii. 10,002, 414.

6 C.I.L. xv. 3227a.

7 C.I.L. xii. 5683, 306.

8 C.I.L. xv. 3183.