Type 25

From Pit LXXXVIII three practically uninjured specimens were recovered. In Fig. 34 we have the outline of the rims of a number of these dishes. Nos. 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 are from the ditch of the early fort. No. 1 is from Pit XIV, No. 7 from Pit LIX. All of them belong to vessels of considerable size, with large heavy rims and of hard material. The rims of the vessels which follow are from Pits XXlII (No. 13) and XLIX (Nos. 9 and 12), the great ditch on the west front (Nos. 8 and 14), the inner ditches of the West Annexe (Nos. 10 and 11), and the inner ditch of the East Annexe (No. 15). In every one of these cases the profile of the dish is less bold and the ware softer. They probably all belong to the later period. A mortarium, nearly complete, of soft buff ware, bearing the stamp BRVSC, was found in Block II of the Barracks (Plate L. (A), Fig. 8). Another of a reddish-brown colour, with the stamp MF (Plate L. (B), Fig. 5), came from Pit XLVI. The outline of both of these corresponds with that of the fragments from later sites; the latter is illustrated on Plate XLV., Fig. 25, as representing the later type.

The maker's stamps are reproduced below in Fig. 35.

Many of the stamps were difficult to decipher. The only ones which could be with certainty assigned to the early period were MARINVS (No. 17) and the incomplete stamp LLVS, perhaps MARCELLVS, both from the ditch of the early fort. The stamp No. 14, also found at Inveresk, appears to belong to a vessel of the same period. The outline of the rims on which they are impressed indicate that most of these stamps belong to the second century. No. 4 was found in Pit LXXII, No. 7 in Pit XLV, No. 24 in Pit LXXXVI, all in association with pottery of the later period. In No. 31 the rim bears not only the maker's stamp, but a name, probably that of the owner, scratched upon it. An interesting feature was the occurrence, twice over, of the stamp F·LVGVDV. The same stamp has been found in London and elsewhere, as at Richborough, as well as LVGVDV·F and LVGVDV·FACTV. It is generally read LVGVDVN·FACTVS = 'made in Lyons.' On a mortarium found at Ewell in Surrey, it appears along with the name of the potter VRBANVS LIBER F. The evidence seems conclusive that some at least of these vessels were imported from abroad. The mention of any place of manufacture is rare; but we may note for comparison the stamp on an amphora found in the Limes fort of Zugmantel, LIDFITA,[1] and UDF ITALICA[2] found on Monte Testaccio. These may indicate that the vessels that bear them were made in the city of Italica.

1 Die Obergermanische-Raetische Limes, Lief. 32, 'Kastell Zugmantel,' p. 170 (9).

2 C.I.L. XV. 2031.