Type 27

Plate XLVI., Type 27, shows a miniature amphora of soft yellow-brown ware, of height 578 inches. Such vessels were not common. Only three or four were noted. The short projecting foot is a characteristic of this class, and suggests that they were inserted upright in the ground. Possibly they were used to hold oil in small quantities with which to replenish a lamp. The specimen illustrated was found beneath the clay of the south rampart, and therefore probably belongs to the first century. The occurrence of a portion of a similar vessel of an orange-yellow ware in Pit XCVIII with pottery of the later period indicates that the type was probably in use for a long period. these vessels are of very common occurrence in the South of France. There are, for instance, many of them in the collection of the Maison Carrée at Nîmes. It is to be noted that in these, as in the early Newstead Specimen, the surface of the soft white clay is easily removed.

A portion of a frilled tazza or incense-cup was found in Pit LVIII. A second fragment is from Pit LXXII. These vessels are common at Colchester, where they are attributed to the first century. They were rare at Newstead. The fragment from Pit LVIII was found in association with a portion of a bowl of Terra Sigillata (Dragendorff 37), having a design from La Graufesenque (Déchelette 982), and portions of a bowl of rustic ware. It must therefore belong to the first century. The fragment from Pit LXXII was found in association with Lezoux and possibly Rheinzabern pottery of the second century. It was somewhat thicker than the specimen from the earlier pit.

Later Pottery. Types 41 to 49

When we pass from the early vessels to those of later date the most striking characteristic appears to be that the ware employed is generally rather poorer in quality. There also appears to be less variety.


The most complete specimen of an urn of the later period came from Pit LXXX, where it was associated with the bottom of a cup bearing the stamp BELINICI·M. It stands 10 inches in height and is made of a grey ware of moderately hard texture, orifice about 3½ inches (Plate XLIX. (B), Fig. 7). The surface is slightly rough and somewhat metallic. The urn is rather irregular in outline as though it had been pressed out of shape in removing it from the wheel. Around the upper part three horizontal lines