described presently. Doubtless they mark the place of larger studs, all of which have disappeared. The whole of the leather is covered with a design, executed partly by tooling and partly by inserting brass-headed studs of three different sizes. Parallel tooled lines appear to have formed a border round the entire figure, with the exception of the two leaf-shaped terminals, as well as round the circular openings already noted, and between these lines there has been inserted a continuous row of brass-headed studs. None of these studs are now left, but the exact size of the original series is evident from those that remain in the circle which forms the central point in the pattern. They were probably precisely similar to the studs illustrated in Plate XXV., Fig. 36. Fig. 35 of the same plate shows examples of the smallest size, here the chief element in the working out of the design. On the middle of the. central hammer-shaped peak are two concentric circles of the small studs, while on each of the leaf-shaped projections which flank it are leaves of a well-known Roman type, the points curving inwards.

At the base of the three terminals are two concentric circles of the smaller studs, with a line of the medium-sized studs, already referred to, running between them. On either side of this circular ornament a straight line of the smaller studs extends as far as the tooling of the border. From this line rise six semi-circles, executed in the same way, three on each side of the circular device in the centre, and each divided from its neighbours by an upright line, which, broadened by the addition of a couple of studs near the top, has a spear-shaped ending. To judge from the washers on the back, there must have been three of the medium-sized studs in the field of each of these semi-circles, and three in each of the pointed leaves in the design, while on each side above the semi-circles there was placed a stud of the largest size. One of the large studs remains in its original position.

Below the straight line which divides the pattern, the design is composed entirely of leaves. Two of these, side by side, with the points turned outwards, seem to have filled the central space between the circular openings, while between the openings and the outer edge on either side we have a leaf springing from a stem below, with the point turned inwards. All of the leaves are outlined by double rows of tooling. Below the circular openings, where the figure is narrow, we have an oblong panel with ansa-like projections at either end. This has been outlined by a single tooled line filled in with a row of studs of the smallest size. The studs have disappeared almost entirely.