surface is somewhat rough. The sides of the mouth are pinched together so as to form a spout. Jugs showing this arrangement appear at Wiesbaden, dating from the end of the first or the beginning of the second century; they are also among the early types at Nymwegen. The precise place of find at Newstead is uncertain. No. 10 is a surface find; the jug was of light grey ware, rather hard in texture. No. 11 is a small jug of buff ware; the type occurs on the Rhine and was in use for a somewhat lengthy period. No. 12 is one of the spout-like attachments like those on Type 35. It did not communicate with the interior of the vessel.

Jugs. Later Types

No. 13 must be a type belonging to the second century; it is of coarser material than most of the early jugs, and was found in Pit LXXXII, a built well with other late pottery. Nos. 14 and 15 belong to the later occupations of the fort; both are of a reddish-brown colour. No. 14 was found near the surface, but No. 15 came from Pit XLV, where it was associated with fragments of Terra Sigillata (Bowls, Drag. 37), with the large wreath decoration of the later period. The type is common at Corbridge, where the earlier variety, with screw outline, is so far awanting.

Mortaria or Pelves. Types 24 and 25

These vessels usually take the form of a small shallow basin of strong, thick earthenware. They are furnished with a broad, overhanging rim, lowered a little at one point to form a slightly projecting spout. Imbedded in the interior of the vessel are numbers of small fragments of quartz. It is believed that the vessels were used for the preparation of vegetables in cooking. These were rubbed down against the sharp points of the projecting quartz, which acted as a grater, while the water was run off by means of the spout. In many mortaria the names or stamps of makers are found impressed transversely across the rim.

Type 24

Mortaria were of common occurrence at Newstead at all levels, and showed considerable variety in shape and colour. One or two specimens could be definitely identified as early. The best example of an early type came from Pit X. It is of a pale greyish-white colour, with a wide flat rim, which has small particles of quartz embedded on it as well as in the interior of the vessel. (Plate XLV., Type 24; also Plate XLIX. (A), Fig. 6.) This may be taken as the type of the early mortarium. The same flat rim was found in the ditch of the early fort and in Pits XIX, LIX, LXXV, LXXVI, LXXVIII and LXXIX, which also yielded early Terra Sigillata.