certainty to the early or to the later period. The actual vessels found are also shown in , L. and LII.[1]



Early Pottery. Types 26 to 39

The largest class of vessels of thinner ware may be described generally as urns. They are of ovoid form with slightly bulging sides, narrowing somewhat to the mouth, and are rarely furnished with handles. To this shape belong many which were probably used either as water jars, or for cooking, or as drinking cups. The term 'Urns' may conveniently be reserved for the larger among them, those of medium size and comparatively thick material being classed as 'Cooking-Pots,' while the smaller and finer types may be called 'Beakers.' The term 'Bowl' is employed to describe those vessels in which the orifice is not contracted as it is in the preceding group, while under the word 'Plate' are grouped the shallower vessels of this class, together with a few specimens which are closely akin to the modern saucer. Urns, cooking-pots and beakers, bowls and plates, all occur in many different colours. Black ware on the whole predominates, but there are specimens of grey, of yellow, of brown and of pinkish red.

Type 38

Plate XLVII., Type 38, also Plate XLIX. (A), Fig. 1. The largest specimen of this class measures 11¼ inches in height. It is made of thin black material, having in places a slightly metallic appearance on the surface. Round the upper part of the shoulder is a narrow band of lattice pattern executed with a broad point on the wet clay. The vessel belongs to the early period; it came from Pit XVI. A small portion of the rim of a similar vessel came from the ditch of the early fort, and a larger fragment from the early outer ditches of the West Annexe (Fig. 25, No.15). In the specimen last mentioned the band of lattice work round the shoulder, though somewhat faintly executed, is still quite visible.

Type 35

Plate XLVII., Type 35, also Plate XLIX. (B), Fig. 5. This vessel measures 938 inches in height. It is 4 inches in diameter at the mouth, and is of close-textured grey ware with a smooth surface. On either side of the neck is placed a handle, while midway between these handles on either side there is fixed a small spout-like attachment.

1 The numbers employed throughout this chapter to distinguish the several types of unglazed ware—24 to 49—correspond with the figures in Plates XLV., XLVI., XLVII. and XLVIII.